If you are thinking about starting a new career in cyber law, then this article is for you. First, let us briefly discuss what cyber law means. So simply put, cyber law is a law relating to cyberspace, the digital world, the online community, so on and so forth. But we know that does not make too much sense.
What do we include in cyberspace and what is actually covered by cyber law?
How does Cyber Law work when cyber security is compromised?
The first thing is artificial intelligence (AI). Ever since a computer defeated a reigning chess champion in the 1990s, AI has been growing by leaps and bounds. In fact, today, if you have Alexa or a similar device in your house, and you simply look at it and say, “Alexa, play the song for me,” or “Alexa, set this as my alarm timing,” that is artificial intelligence at work.
AI is also entering the legal space. There was a competition recently, when an artificial intelligence technology was competing with a group of human lawyers to see who could analyze a contract better. Not only did AI take a few seconds, as compared to hours, taken by the humans, but its accuracy level was almost twice as that of the human.
What is cloud computing?
If you use a smartphone, you use email, you use social media, then you are already using cloud computing. So, what does that really mean?
It means that instead of the processing, instead of the data being stored locally, all that information could be stored or processed, using a remote computer somewhere else in the world. That means that all the emails in your Gmail account are actually not being stored locally on your computer or phone, but they could be stored on multiple computers in different countries of the world.
What is cyber law’s application in cybercrime investigation and forensics?
Another exciting area in cyber law is cybercrime investigation and forensics. We are seeing a massive growth in the number of cybercrimes taking place in recent years. Whether it is hate speech, or trolling, or cyber frauds, they are growing by leaps and bounds as time progresses. All these are covered by cyber laws.
The investigation of these, as well as the corresponding digital evidence, are covered by cyber laws again. And digital evidence is not just in cybercrime cases, but even conventional crime.
So, a murder could have digital evidence involved in it. You talk about things like arson, you talk about things like kidnapping, etc., all of these may involve elements of digital evidence. In fact, one area where we see the maximum usage of digital evidence is divorce cases, but that is a different story all together.
What are cookies and how do they affect us?
In Europe, for instance, they have a law which says that if you are going to put cookies on someone’s browser, you have to tell them about it. This, again, is a part of cyber law. Then you have a concept called GDPR, or General Data Protection Regulation, which talks about data privacy in general.
We all give a lot of information to various websites ranging from popular social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter, to search engines like Google and Bing. So, if you have Google Maps turned on, Google knows exactly where you have traveled recently. You are putting a lot of photographs, text, and videos on YouTube, TikTok, Facebook, and Instagram, among others, all that data, how is it that they can use it? What are the rules and regulations relating to that? All of that is covered by cyber law.
Are e-commerce sites covered by cyber law?
We have used e-commerce sites in one way or the other. When we create accounts, not just on e-commerce sites, but on other online shopping networks, there is a terms and conditions section where we are required to “accept all” to proceed, again that is covered by cyber law.
How about online income tax return filings?
If you have tried filing your income tax returns online, or you work for a company, the company files its income tax returns, then you are using digital signatures. So, in short, e-commerce, e-contracts, digital signatures, and the likes, again, all of these are a part of cyber law.
Does cyber law cover the internet of things?
You have probably heard the term IoT, or internet of things. Today, there are billions of smart devices that are connected to the internet. Things like CCTV cameras, smart home devices, GPS trackers, all of them are also governed by cyber law.
Does it protect digital intellectual property?
Many intellectual property issues are also covered by cyber law, including software licenses, websites, apps, online games, and cyber patrons. Because of the recent coronavirus related lockdowns, most of us are using video conferencing, whether it is to talk to our friends, or to talk to business associates, or even to study online. Basically, whatever happens on video conferencing is also controlled by cyber law.
What if somebody uses video conferencing for threatening somebody for stealing intellectual property or disclosing certain trade secrets? All that would be also covered by cyber law.
If you love using technology and are interested in the protection of our rights online, then it is safe to say that cyber law is an excellent field for you. Taking this career path is also future proof, as technology is constantly evolving, and cybercrimes are consistently on the rise. At the end of it all, cyber law is—and will always be—an exciting field of study, especially for aspiring digital crime busters and cyber protectors.