From the dawn of human history, leaders of different nations have had to find strategies to protect their nations against internal and external threats and thrive in an ever-changing world. Changes, on a national and global level, might be evolutionary as well as revolutionary. These changes are brought about by various factors such as technological advancements, political upheavals around the world, global immigration, and war. Good leaders tend to anticipate such changes and respond quickly and effectively.
Every nation in the world has a national security strategy of some sort. Whether formally articulated or indirectly conveyed through leaders’ speeches, this document guides leaders on managing risks and ensuring that they can protect their nations against both general uncertainties as well-defined threats.
The National Security Strategy, or NSS, is a document prepared periodically by the executive branch within the United States government to list their concerns about various issues and threats and address them with an action plan. The Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 was the legal foundation that established the foundation for the National Security Strategy.
The national security strategy focuses on developing and applying relevant security strategies and coordinating the instruments of national power such as diplomacy, economic means, and military action to achieve the pre-determined objectives that contribute toward the nation’s security. National Security Strategy includes foreign relations with other countries or organizations, humanitarian aid programs, resource management for trade goods, planning out campaigns for war-time strategies.
All these issues and measures are dealt with on an ongoing basis so that there are no gaps when it comes down to deciding what needs doing next. The national security strategy determines how the nation interacts with other countries internationally while still protecting itself from aggressors intent on harming American interests or US citizens at home or abroad.
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