The National Security Council is the United States’ most essential and influential national security council. Established by President Harry Truman in 1947, it advises him on all matters related to foreign policy and defense planning for America at home and abroad. It is a daunting task considering how much our country has changed since World War II!
The President of the United States is chairman of the NSC; other members include vice presidents and secretaries. Advisers to this council are Joint Chiefs, CIA directors in charge of intelligence gathering. Advisers can also come from outside sources with Senate approval.
The National Security Council (NSC) staff is headed by special assistants who act as close advisers for national security affairs. During critical times, they help the government by providing advice or consultation about important decisions directly impacting our safety.
The NSC provides the White House with an independent policy-making instrument used to make decisions about international affairs without being constrained by either State Department officials or politicians. In 1987, members of this council were involved in a scandalous affair known as ‘Iran-Contra.’
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Why was the National Security Council formed?
The National Security Act of July 26, 1947, created an organization that would have the power to coordinate international affairs and defend our country from attack.
Who makes up the current National Security Council?
The National Security Council is a group of high-ranking officials who meet to discuss foreign policy and security. The President and the Vice President chair the NSC. Secretaries from State Department, the Treasury Department, the Defense Secretary attend these meetings. The meetings are held regularly with the attendance decided by statute – meaning representatives must be appointed regardless if they’re full-time government employees or not.
Who is the most vital member of the National Security Council?
The President of the United States is a statutory chairman of the National Security Council. When he’s not in attendance, it falls to his vice president and national security adviser, who also hold some supervisory powers as well.