Every nation in the world faces internal and external threats. The national threat spectrum encompasses threats on the economic, military, international, and domestic fronts. National security is the overall apparatus that ensures the safety of the homeland. It also protects the integrity of the nation’s systems and institutions. To achieve national security goals, forces within law enforcement, intelligence, cyber-security, immigration, and counter-terrorism agencies work round the clock to maintain the status quo. This blog post will focus on why national security is essential and how the US achieved it.
The US national security policies that have been instated over the decades have helped it maintain the global balance of power in favor of the United States’ interests and security objectives. To fulfill its role as the sole superpower of the world, the US needs an armed force that is capable of completing assigned military missions and asserting US dominance on a global level. This allows it to deliver on its committments to defend both the United States’ global interests and the US allies all over the world.
When national security objectives transcend the borders of one’s own country, it is imperative to achieve military dominance over the seas. The greatest challenge faced by the US when it was an emerging superpower after World War 2 was protecting US interests and allies thousands of miles away from the homeland. The US overcame these challenges by creating military outposts in allied countries and strengthening their naval forces. Today, the United States maintains a capable marine corps, a formidable navy, and overseas military bases that allow America to project its power and exert influence all around the globe.
To achieve increased influence on a global scale, the US employed an entire spectrum of instruments of power. US diplomacy has been a huge success story over the past few decades, coupled with near-total dominance on the technological front. The US also uses foreign aid, selective intelligence sharing, and humanitarian programs to win allies and friends. All these instruments are weaved and integrated into the overall US diplomacy to achieve national security objectives.
America is dedicated to maintaining a global economy based on economic freedom, including free trade, the openness of energy markets, and mutually compatible international financial systems governed by the rule of law. The US also maintains an energy security policy that focuses on developing domestic resources and keeping the international energy market free from manipulation.
America’s dedication to its values and its promotion overseas reflects its history of liberty and the universal principles of freedom. US values define human rights as freedom of expression, the right of democratic self-government, economic freedom, equality before the law, and freedom from persecution and oppression. The objective of disseminating these values to other nations is to guide and inform the nation’s strategy, not direct or control it. Geopolitical compromises are made from time to time; however, it is essential to recognize that the United States’ commitments to universal values such as freedom and democracy are why foreign nations and peoples support America.